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Crossnational Reports
1
  
No significant difference was found in the evaluation of educational aims between the United States and Germany. Instead, one finds in both nations a clear similarity of values throughout different categories of respondents characterized by varying socioeconomic and demographic traits. Also, one finds the expected dichotomy of educational aims of conformity and of self-direction with similar ordering of items.
Porst, Rolf
ALLBUS 1982
1982CNR 01 Educational Aims in the USA and in the Federal Republic of Germany, A Cross-National ComparisonCross-National Report, Chicago, NORC , 1984.10/18/2015 1:20 PMlesmana-priv
Crossnational Reports
2
  
Germans and Americans show different patterns of support for various feminist items. In both samples, the younger, the better educated, and the never married groups showed changing attitudes towards a non-traditional view on key variables. Women were not more likely to support a non-traditional view of the role of women than men.
Krauth, Cornelia
ALLBUS 1982; Rainwater and Rain 1981; Statistiches Bundesamt 1979, 1980, 1981, 1982
1977CNR02Cross-National Report, Chicago, NORC , 9, 1982. 10/18/2015 12:06 PMlesmana-priv
Crossnational Reports
3
  
Werner, Hagstotz
1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1977, 1978, 1980, 1982, 1983, 1984CNR03Cross-National Report, Chicago, NORC , 1, 19856/21/2016 9:19 AMBenjamin Schapiro
Crossnational Reports
4
  
Although Americans and Britons have similar attitudes on some topics, British respondents were much more in favor of government programs and were consistently more negative than Americans about the responsiveness of government to citizens.
Davis, James A. Becker, J. W.
BSA 1985; ISSP
1985CNR04Cross-National Report, Chicago, NORC10/18/2015 12:07 PMlesmana-priv
Crossnational Reports
5
  
Smith, Tom W.
1985, 1986CNR 05 The Welfare State in Crossnational Perspective Cross-National Report, Chicago, NORC , 1987.6/21/2016 9:24 AMBenjamin Schapiro
Crossnational Reports
6
  
Britain is unambiguously secular and down market compared with America, and these characteristics affect attitudes and opinions similarly in both nations.
Davis, James A.
ISSP 1985
1982, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1986CNR06Cross-National Report, Chicago, NORC , 9, 19876/21/2016 9:24 AMBenjamin Schapiro
Crossnational Reports
7
  
Smith, Tom W.
1977, 1987CNR07Cross-National Report, Chicago, NORC6/21/2016 1:22 PMBenjamin Schapiro
Crossnational Reports
8
  
Numerical scales, dichotomous choices of answers, determining the strength of verbal labels, and multiple indicators partially solve measurement difficulties - which are due to cultural and linguistic differences - involved in cross-national survey research. Though these methods may complement each other, artifacts may still occur.
Smith, Tom W.
ISSP 1987
1987CNR08Cross-National Report, Chicago, NORC , 1988.10/18/2015 12:09 PMlesmana-priv
Crossnational Reports
9
  
Though all nations support rights for basic protests and oppose extreme action, they are inconsistent on where to draw the line and on what things they will and will not tolerate. Australians and Britons support non striking protesters, Americans tolerate racists relatively, Germans and Austrians tolerate revolutionaries meetings but not marches, and Italians tolerate strikes over revolutionaries and racists.
Davis, James A. Becker, J. W.
ISSP 1985; Institute for Social Research, York University 1987; Institute for Sociological Research, Soviet Academy of Sciences 1988
1985CNR09Cross-National Report, Chicago, NORC , 5, 1990.10/18/2015 12:09 PMlesmana-priv
Crossnational Reports
10
  
Smith,Tom W.
1987CNR 10 Inequality and WelfareCross-National Report, Chicago, NORC , 1989.6/21/2016 9:25 AMBenjamin Schapiro
Methodological Reports
1
  
Smith, Tom W.
1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1977, 1978MR001Methodological Report, Chicago, NORC , 1981. 6/21/2016 1:33 PMBenjamin Schapiro
Methodological Reports
2
  
While house effects are not an insurmountable and pervasive survey problem, they do affect survey response particularly in the area of the don't know response level.
Smith, Tom W.
Stouffer 1954; NORC 1960; Gallup 1971-76 (14); Roper 1971, 1973; SRC 1972, 1974-76
1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1977MR002Methodological Report, Chicago, NORC , 1978.6/21/2016 1:35 PMBenjamin Schapiro
Methodological Reports
3
  
Both full probability and block-quota sampling techniques overrepresent people from small households. This bias can be eliminated by weighting the number of eligible respondents per household. The distortions caused by this bias fortunately appear to be small.
Stephenson, C. Bruce
1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1977MR003Methodological Report, Chicago, NORC , 1978.6/21/2016 1:43 PMBenjamin Schapiro
Methodological Reports
4
  
Review of the GSS size of place codes resolved suspected sampling frame artifact but uncovered miscoded size of place variables. Fortunately, the magnitude of the misclassifications is minimal.
Smith, Tom W.
1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1977MR004 Size of Place Codes on the 1972-1977 GSSMethodological Report, Chicago, NORC , 4, 1984.6/21/2016 1:43 PMBenjamin Schapiro
Methodological Reports
5
  
This report examines response rates of NORC and SRC and finds that on the GSS the causes of non-response are explicit refusals, unavailable, and a small residual group of sick or otherwise uninterviewable people. The mixture of non-responses appears to differ between the GSS's and SRC's surveys, although total response rates are nearly identical.
Smith, Tom W.
SRC 1972-78
1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1977, 1978MR005Methodological Report, Chicago, NORC , 1978.6/21/2016 1:43 PMBenjamin Schapiro
Methodological Reports
6
  
Ethnicity is a difficult attribute to measure. It can be determined for about 78 percent of all non-blacks when measured subjectively and for about 85 percent when determined subjectively and natally. A lack of ethnic affiliation is related to being a member of the old stock, host culture; having low education and social standing; and poor transmission of family information between generations.
Smith, Tom W.
CPS 1972; SRC 1972, 1974, 1978
1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1977MR06 Ethnic Measurement and IdentificationMethodological Report, Chicago, NORC , 3, 1980.6/21/2016 1:44 PMBenjamin Schapiro
Methodological Reports
7
  
Stephenson, C. Bruce
1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976MR007 A Comparison of Full-Probability and Probability-with-QuotasMethodological Report, Chicago, NORC , 4, 1979.6/21/2016 1:46 PMBenjamin Schapiro
Methodological Reports
8
  
The authors explain various techniques to determine measurement error in opinion surveys. Focusing on test/retest experiments, they conclude that the problems of distinguishing measurement error from true change are sufficiently fundamental and sufficiently complex that they must be attacked with various techniques.
Smith, Tom W. Bruce, C. Stephenson
1972, 1973, 1974, 1978MR008Methodological Report, Chicago, NORC , 1979.6/21/2016 1:47 PMBenjamin Schapiro
Methodological Reports
9
  
* Please note there is a version updated in 2009 (MR009a).

The problem of underrepresentation of males on the GSS reflects the nonresponse tendency of males, possibly exacerbated by female interviewers. Surveys using full probability sampling generally have an underrepresentation of males.
Smith, Tom W.
Census 1970, 1972-78; CPS 1975-77; CNS 1973-74; ANES 1972-78
1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1977, 1978MR009 Sex and the GSS_Nonresponse DifferencesMethodological Report, Chicago, NORC , 197910/8/2019 1:41 PMJaesok Son
Methodological Reports
10
  
There is an apparent contradiction between the disapproving responses to the general hitting question and the more specific subquestions. This contradiction is due in part to differences in education and achievement.
Smith, Tom W.
1973, 1975, 1976, 1978MR010Methodological Report, Chicago, NORC , 198010/18/2015 8:57 PMlesmana-priv
Project Reports
1
  
Smith, Tom W.
1972-1978PR01Project Report, Chicago, NORC , 19796/21/2016 10:35 AMBenjamin Schapiro
Project Reports
2
  
Smith, Tom W.
1972-1978PR02Project Report, Chicago, NORC , 19806/21/2016 10:35 AMBenjamin Schapiro
Project Reports
3
  
There are two purposes of the National Data Program for the Social Sciences. First, it measures trends in attitudes behavior and attributes. Secondly, it makes useful and relevant survey data available to the public.
Smith, Tom W.
Gallup; SRC
1972-1980PR03Project Report, Chicago, NORC , 12, 19806/21/2016 10:35 AMBenjamin Schapiro
Project Reports
4
  
In 1981, the GSS enjoyed high recognition and use among Sociologists and was more popular than other equivalent data sets.
Smith, Tom W.
1972-1980PR 04 Analysis of GSS Usage Among SociologistsProject Report, Chicago, NORC , 19816/21/2016 10:37 AMBenjamin Schapiro
Project Reports
5
  
Sociologists are the biggest users of GSS data. Work in other disciplines include Political Science, Communications, Psychology, Statistics, and Social Work. Demographics are used more than other variables. Papers using GSS data have appeared in dozens of journals and at scholarly meetings. Other works using this survey information are polls, reports, and student dissertations. Most GSS's have been used to carry out scholarly research, conduct methodological studies, and report social indicators.
Smith, Tom W.
1972-1980PR05Project Report, Chicago, NORC , 19816/21/2016 10:37 AMBenjamin Schapiro
Project Reports
6
  
A review of the major themes learned from research with the GSS include the following: (1) the last twenty-five years have seen an increase in social liberalism on most issues; (2) mass attitude change has affected all parts of the social structure about equally, with conversion as important as replacement; (3) intergenerational transmittances shape attitudes and behaviors as well as socioeconomic status; and (4) membership in sub-cultures is a significant influence on a wide range of attitudes.
Davis, James A. Smith, Tom W.
1972-1980PR06 Have We Learned Anything from the GSSProject Report, Chicago, NORC, 19826/21/2016 10:39 AMBenjamin Schapiro
Project Reports
7
  
Smith, Tom W.
1972-1980PR07Project Report, Chicago, NORC , 19826/21/2016 10:40 AMBenjamin Schapiro
Project Reports
8
  
A Variable Description File was created for the display and analysis of 380 standard GSS variables. It includes the years each question was asked, best trend model skewness, membership in an attitude scale or set, number of usages in papers in the Annotated Bibliography, and special problems that have been noted with that question.
Smith, Tom W. Peterson, Bruce L.
1972-1983PR08Project Report, Chicago, NORC , 10, 19836/21/2016 10:44 AMBenjamin Schapiro
Project Reports
9
  
The main function of the GSS is to provide information for scientific study and monitoring of social trends.
Smith, Tom W.
1972-1982PR09Project Report, Chicago, NORC , 1983.6/21/2016 10:46 AMBenjamin Schapiro
Project Reports
10
  
Smith, Tom W.
1972-1983PR10Project Report, Chicago, NORC , 19846/21/2016 10:47 AMBenjamin Schapiro
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