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*** New data release ***

The GSS 1972-2022 cumulative data file is available now (April 10th, 2024). Please read through the documentation carefully for important changes in 2022.
Cumulative Data Set (cross-sectional samples from all years)
Individual Year Data Sets (cross-section only)

Only year-specific variables are included in the yearly data files.

1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978
1980 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
1990 1991 1993 1994 1996 1998
2000 2002 2004 2006 2008
2010 2012 2014 20162018

Panel Data Sets

GSS 2016-2020 Panel (Release 1a, April 2022)

GSS Panel 2010-Sample Wave 3 (Release 6, March 2018)

GSS Panel 2008-Sample Wave 3 (Release 6, March 2018)

GSS Panel 2006-Sample Wave 3 (Release 6, March 2018)

Many researchers will find the "long" format easier to work with. Here is a Stata do file​ to convert the "wide" data we provide to "long" format. We thank Jeremy Fre​ese for the do file.​ Please note this do file works with the panel data released in 2018 only.


Paradata for the GSS 2022 is only available in SAS. Stata Paradata will be updated here when it is available.

Paradata for GSS 2021


General Social Survey (1978-2010) was linked to death records from the National Death Index (NDI). The indicator of possible vital status as of 2014 (variable name: DEATH) is now part of the GSS data you can download from the links above. However, because of the potential for deductive disclosure, in order to obtain more specific information, researchers need to complete a formal application to work with the GSS "sensitive" or restrictive data. Please refer to “Obtaining GSS Sensitive Data Files”.



Please note that there are three main missing values in the data:

  • .i: Inapplicable (IAP). Respondents who are not asked to answer a specific question are assigned to IAP.
  • .d: Don't know (DK)
  • .n: No answer (NA)
The 2022 GSS Codebook contains description of other, less common missing values.