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*** New data release ***

The GSS 1972-2022 cumulative data file is available now (April 10th, 2024). Please read through the documentation carefully for important changes in 2022.
Cumulative Data Set (cross-sectional samples from all years)
Merged Single-Year Data Sets (cross-sectional and all panels)

Not currently available

(The 2020 panel data available below)


Paradata for the GSS 2022 (Updated for Release 3)

Paradata for GSS 2021


General Social Survey (1978-2010) was linked to death records from the National Death Index (NDI). The indicator of possible vital status as of 2014 (variable name: DEATH) is now part of the GSS data you can download from the links above. However, because of the potential for deductive disclosure, in order to obtain more specific information, researchers need to complete a formal application to work with the GSS "sensitive" or restrictive data. Please refer to “Obtaining GSS Sensitive Data Files”.



Please note that there are three missing values in the data:

  • .i: Inapplicable (IAP). Respondents who are not asked to answer a specific question are assigned to IAP.
  • .d: Don't know (DK)
  • .n: No answer (NA)
The 2022 GSS Codebook contains description of other, less common missing values.